A partial list of sources and resources used in preparation of the AP Stylebook:
Climate change:
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change:
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change:
Disability Language Style Guide, National Center on Disability and Journalism:
Disability Writing & Journalism Guidelines, Center for Disability Rights:
American Council of the Blind:
American Foundation for the Blind:
Autism Self Advocacy Network:
National Federation of the Blind:
National Association of the Deaf:
World Federation of the Deaf:
General guidance and inclusive storytelling:
Conscious Style Guide:
The Diversity Style Guide:
Guidelines for Inclusive Journalism, The Seattle Times:
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association:
Drugs; addictions:
Media Guide, National Institute on Drug Abuse:
Office of National Drug Control Policy:
International Society of Addiction Journal Editors:
AMA Task Force to Reduce Opioid Abuse:
National Institute on Drug Abuse:
NLGJA: The Association of LGBTQ+ Journalists:
Style Guide, Trans Journalists Association:
GLAAD Media Reference Guide:
AMA Manual of Style, American Medical Association:
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association:
AMA Manual of Style, American Medical Association:
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Journalism Resource Guide on Behavioral Health, the Carter Center:
National Institute of Mental Health:
National Alliance on Mental Illness:
The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library:
U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, MedlinePlus:
Race-related coverage:
Asian American Journalists Association guidance:
Subject matter experts from AAJA:
Cultural Compliance Handbook, National Association of Hispanic Journalists:
Cultural competence guides, Michigan State University:
Style Guide, National Association of Black Journalists:
Tribal Nations Media Guide, Native Americans Journalists Association:
Handbook of Denominations in the United States, Abingdon Press:
Religion Stylebook, Religion Newswriters Association:
World Christian Encyclopedia, Oxford University Press:
Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches, National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.:
Sikhism: A Reporter’s Guide, Sikh Coalition:
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention:
Reporting on suicide guidelines:
First reference for spelling, style, usage and foreign geographic names:
For federal government questions:
Congressional Directory; U.S. Government Publishing Office. This link allows searching of the directories for the 104th Congress (1995–1996) and later:
For the current Congress:
For non-U.S. government questions:
Political Handbook of the World, CQ Press, an imprint of SAGE Publications. CIA World Factbook online:
For a company’s formal name:
Consult the national stock exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange,, or Nasdaq, Also consult Stylebook Online entries for individual company names, and the entry “company names,” as AP usage may differ.
Other references and writing guides:
The Word, by Rene J. Cappon. The Associated Press.
Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage, edited by Jeremy Butterfield. Oxford University Press.
Garner’s Modern English Usage, by Bryan A. Garner. Oxford University Press.
Merriam-Webster’s Concise Dictionary of English Usage. Merriam-Webster Inc.
The Chicago Manual of Style, University of Chicago Press.
The Elements of Style, by Strunk & White. The Macmillan Co.
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